Something more about career in Earth Sciences

The basic Indian household is very strict about which stream their offspring will choose as a career option after their 10th boards. The race is usually between Science and Commerce because Arts is not considered by our Indian society to be that kind of a great career option like the other two. So 53% of students opt for science stream, 29% opt for commerce while 18% opt for arts. But this ratio is greatly altered during their graduation, where arts lead the league and 2nd comes science along with commerce.

When we opt Science as our career option after 10th boards most of us don’t actually study basic sciences during graduation, instead we have predetermined mindsets of studying either medical or engineering in the graduation level. And when we say science our knowledge is bound between Biology and Physiology (excluding other basic science subjects).Today I would like to discuss something more about the earth sciences.


Although Biology which is usually better known as two distinguished fields of Botany and Zoology, is very promising in the field of science, but some of the other brilliant and promising parts of everyday science are-

  • Geology
  • Oceanography
  • Meteorology
  • Human Biology or Physiology
  • Ecology

All these fields are diverse and promising and highly different from one another and most specifically each one of them are some of the best career options one could get.


 GeologyPhysical geology deals with the study of the physical features of the earth and the processes acting on them. This includes volcanoes, earthquakes, rocks, mountains and the oceans; just about any feature of the earth. Historical geology is the study of the history of the earth.

OceanographyAlso known as oceanology, is the study of the physical and the biological aspects of the ocean. It is an Earth science covering a wide range of topics, including ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within theocean and across its boundaries.

Meteorologyis the science that focuses on the Earth’s atmosphere. People who study meteorology are called meteorologists. Meteorologists record air pressure, wind speed and direction, temperature, humidity, weather patterns, and other information. Meteorologists use this data to understand weather and to predict it. Meteorology is a major branch of earth science. Meteorologists study the causes of particular weather conditions using information obtained from the land, sea and upper atmosphere.

     Human Physiology– is the science of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical function of humans, and serves as the foundation of modern medicine. As a discipline, it connects science, medicine, and health, and creates a framework for understanding how the human body adapts to stresses, physical activity, and disease.


 Ecologyis the scientific study of the distributions, abundance and relations of organisms and their interactions with the environment. Ecology includes the study of plant and animal populations, plant and animal communities and ecosystems. Ecosystems describe the web or network of relations among organisms at different scales of organization. Since ecology refers to any form of biodiversity, ecologists research everything from tiny bacteria’s role in nutrient recycling to the effects of tropical rain forest on the Earth’s atmosphere.


These are the basics about what each subject deals with. You can definitely search more on these subjects on Google and you’ll definitely find some satisfying answers. So next time anyone wants to study some science subjects other than the basic ones i.e. some off bit science topics then do tell them about these and if anyone tells you that science only deals with biology, math, physics and chemistry tell him to read this article.








*Images are taken from the Internet


Arun Bhattacharya

Student, Photographer, Writter,  Vlogger, Youtuber
Studies at West Bengal University of Technology
Studies Chemical engineering at Calcutta Institute of Technology
Lives in Kolkata

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